Class 10 is considered as the turning point in every student’s life. The result of class 10 will decide the stream for higher studies. The CBSE Class 10 Syllabus is a valuable resource for students. It includes the course structure, distribution of units marks and number of periods allocated for each unit. Along with this, the CBSE Syllabus for class 10 also provides information about reference books, projects, assignments, and practicals.

The CBSE Board exam 2020 is to be conducted as per the CBSE syllabus and not NCERT books. Here we have provided the class 10 syllabus for all the subjects as mentioned in the official CBSE website. So, students are advised to prepare for the exam as per the syllabus mentioned here.

CBSE Class 10 Scheme of Studies

The table below shows the scheme of studies for class 10 students. There are 5 compulsory subjects, 2 optional subject and 2 subjects for the internal assessment.

1. Compulsory Subjects Language 1
2 Language 2
3 Science
4 Mathematics
5 Social Science
6 Optional Skill Subject
7 Language 3 / Any Academic subject other than those opted above
8 Subjects of Internal Assessment Art Education
9 Health and Physical Education

Benefits of Knowing the Class 10 CBSE Board Syllabus

It gives the students an overview of the topics they are going to study in the academic session.
It works as a guide for the students of Class 10 while preparing for their Board exams.
The syllabus is structured in such a way that it provides information from basic concepts to the higher one.
It helps students to know on which topic to concentrate.
It helps students to prepare confidently for their Class 10 Board exams.

Objectives of CBSE 10th Class Syllabus
The syllabus is designed with the aim to develop the following skills among the students:
1. It helps students to explore the inner potential and enhance self-awareness.
2. Inculcate the moral values and foster learning in students.
3. Provide students with the knowledge of technology so that they can use it for the betterment of society.
4. Develop the ability to show case talents.
5. It promote the physical fitness, health and arts integrated learning.


Today, competitive exams are the core of our education system. School students and their parents are looking for important information about competitive exams. Most of the students or parents think that competitive exam are conducted only for class 12 students but that’s not the fact. Even for the class 10 students, there are a number of competitive exams cum scholarship programmes. These competitive exams are conducted to check a student’s mental ability and intelligent quotient and grant a scholarship to those who crack the exam. So to take a benefit, every student and his parents must get aware of such competitive exams, since awareness is the first step towards preparation.

Career Options for Science Students Apart From Engineering and Medical.
To help the school students and make their search easy, we have compiled a list of 10 most significant competitive exams available for them.

1. National Talent Search Examination or NTSE
A national level examination cum scholarship program, it is one of most prestigious competitive exams for school students. NTSE’s sole purpose is to identify students who have high academic talent and exceptional intellectual ability. It follows the NCERT prescribed syllabus covering Science, Maths, Social Science and Mental Ability. The students who qualify this two-tier exam receive cash scholarship for the complete academic year. The examination will consist of Mental Ability Test(MAT) and Scholastic Ability Test(SAT)

Subjects: Science, Mathematics, Social Science, Mental Ability and General Awareness
Medium of examination: English and Hindi
Conducting Body: National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)

2. National Level Science Talent Search Exam or NLSTSE
NSTSE is a diagnostic test identifies talented students from classes II to XII and helps them improve their overall learning ability and educational performance. They include interesting questions that require thinking, not simply recalling as per the traditional techniques and breaks the trend of rote-learning. NSTSE provides a detailed skill-wise feedback, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of students so that immediate action can be taken to correct the aberration and pave a path for improvement.

Subjects: Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, General Questions
Medium of examination: English
Conducting Body: Unified Council

3. Indian National Olympiad (INO)
Financially supported by the Government of India, this programme aims at promoting excellence in science and mathematics among students at school level. Olympiads involve a five-stage procedure. The first stage for each subject is organized by the Indian Association of Physics Teachers (IAPT) in collaboration with teacher associations in other subjects. All the remaining stages are organized by HomiBhabha Centre for Science Education (HBCSE).

Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Astronomy and Junior Science
Medium of examination: English
Conducting Body: Jointly conducted by Indian Association of Physics Teachers (IAPT) & HomiBhabha Centre for Science Education (HBCSE)

4. Science Olympiad Foundation
This non-profit organization based in New Delhi was established to promote science, mathematics, introductory computer education and English language skills amongst school children in India. The foundation conducts separate exams for subjects like Computer (National Cyber Olympiad), Maths (International Maths Olympiad), Science (National Science Olympiad) and English (International English Olympiad).

Subjects: Science, mathematics, computer education, English, sports and professional courses
Medium of examination: English
Conducting Body: Science Olympiad Foundation
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5. GeoGenius
Today, among most of the students, Science and Maths have become the subjects of interest, making them unaware of the geographical facts about the world. Thus to cultivate the understanding of Geography among the school students, GeoGenius was established. Students from Class II to XII are eligible for these exams. This test is conducted in two phases. In Phase I, children participate in their respective schools throughout the country and then on the basis of cut-off, students are selected for Phase-II where they are invited to the National Finals.

Medium of examination: English
Conducting body: GeoGenius

6. Kishore VigyanProtsahanYojana (KVPY)
It is a national level competitive exam for students of classes XI and XII which is conducted with an aim to encourage students to take up research as a career in the field of Science, Engineering and Medicine. The selected students become eligible for admission to the five-year integrated MS program at the Indian Institute for Science Education and Research.

Medium of Examination: English and Hindi.
Subjects: Focused on Science mainly.
Conducting body: Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India.

7. Silverzone Olympiads
This Olympiad aims to promote competitive awareness of academics in school students in India and abroad. Conducted for classes I to XII in various subjects, the test aims to develop creative thinking and enhance the problem-solving ability among students.

Subject: Computer, Mathematics, Science and English Language
Medium of Examination: English
Conducting body: Silverzone Foundation.

School Education Vs Competitive Examinations
8. National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO)
This national-level test is conducted with a vision to remove the fear of maths from students’ mind, by introducing interactive activities like interactive olympiad, workshops and seminars. Thus, NIMO works for a sole purpose to improve the mathematical skills and mental ability of school students.

Subjects: Math
Medium of Examination: English
Conducting Body: Eduheal Foundation

9. National Biotechnology Olympiad or NBO
NBO is conducted for class I to XII with an aim to enhance the students’ knowledge about Biotechnology issues and to test their aptitude for taking up career in Biotechnology in future. The test comprises of 50 questions for 50 marks.

Subjects: Math
Medium of Examination: English
Conducting Body: Eduheal foundation

10. Assessment of Scholastic Skills Through Educational Testing (ASSET)
ASSET, meant for the students of classes III-X, uses multiple-choice questions to focus on measuring how well skills and concepts underlying the school syllabus have been understood by the students thus breaking the concept of rote learning. The test is mainly based on the CBSE, ICSE, IGCSE, and major state boards’ curriculum.

Subjects: English, Mathematics and Science (Social Studies and Hindi are optional)
Medium of Examination: English
Conducting Body: Educational Initiatives Pvt. Ltd.


English is one of the easiest subjects to score in CBSE Class 10 Board exams. English is all about prose, poetry, and grammar. If students are good with their grammatical skills, then they can score good marks in their English exam which will in return uplift their overall percentile score. CBSE syllabus for Class 10 English for the academic year 2020-2021 is framed as per the guidelines of the CBSE Board. The English syllabus is all about testing the students writing, creativity and grammatical skills. It also includes prose and poetry along with section wise weightage. The syllabus of English work as a guide for the Class 10 CBSE board students

Weightage of CBSE Class 10 English Syllabus 2020-21
Section-wise Weightage of English Language and Literature Question Paper

A Reading Skills 20
B Writing Skills with Grammar 30
C Literature Textbook and Supplementary Reading Text 30
Total 80

Maths is a subject that needs a lot of practice, memorisation of formulas and a clear understanding of concepts. It is a scoring subject for students of Class 10 if they practice it on a regular basis. CBSE syllabus for Class 10 Maths for the academic year 2020-2021 includes topics such as number systems, algebra, coordinate geometry, etc. All the units mentioned in the CBSE 10th Maths syllabus is important because the final question paper is prepared as per the syllabus. It also provides information about marks weightage, practicals, assignments, projects, etc.

Students of CBSE Board can access the CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Maths from the pdf link provided below. Along with the syllabus students will also find the questions paper design, internal assessment marking scheme.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Maths with Marking Scheme.

As students can see in the table below, the CBSE 10th maths syllabus is divided into 7 units. The marks weightage for each unit is also indicated in the table.

1 Number System 06
2 Algebra 20
3 Coordinate Geometry 06
4 Geometry 15
5 Trigonometry 12
6 Mensuration 10
7 Statistics & Probability 11
Total 80

CBSE 10th Maths Question Paper Design
Students can have a look at the Maths question paper design in the table below.

S. No. Topology of Questions Total Marks % Weightage (Approx.)
1 Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers.

Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas.
60 75
2 Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way. 12 15
3 Analysing: Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations.

Evaluating:Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria.

Creating: Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions.
8 10
Total 80 100

CBSE Class 10 Maths Internal Assessment Process
Here is the marking scheme of Maths Class 10 internal assessment exam.

S. No. Internal Assessment Total Marks
1 Pen Paper Test and Multiple Assessment (5+5) 10
2 Portfolio 05
3 Lab Practical 05
Total 100

Class 10 is one of the most challenging years of a student’s life because the students will be appearing for their first board exams. CBSE syllabus for Class 10 Science for academic year 2020-2021 is compiled in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the Board. Students should go through the Class 10 Science syllabus to know the topics and sub-topics under science subjects. The syllabus also includes unit wise marking scheme, practicals, assignments and projects. The syllabus is arranged semester-wise which helps students to plan their study schedule accordingly.

CBSE Class 10 students can access the latest Class 10 Science syllabus for the academic year 2020-2021 by clicking on the pdf link provided below.

Unit-wise CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Marking Scheme

As students can see in the table below that science syllabus is divided into 5 units with unit 1 carrying the higher weightage of 25 marks among all.

1 Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour 25 55
2 World of Living 23 50
3 Natural Phenomena 12 23
4 Effects of Current 13 32
5 Natural Resources 07 20
Total 80
Internal Assessment 20
Grand Total 100

Students can also check the syllabus for all the subjects of class 10 by clicking on CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 page.

CBSE Practical Syllabus for Class 10 Science.

As internal assessment consist of 20 marks so students must not ignore the importance of practicals. Along with the theory they should also focus on practicals. This will not only help them in scoring high marks but also understanding the theory concepts through practicals and experiments. So, here we have provided the CBSE Class 10 Science Practical syllabus. Go through it and experiment list. Students can also download the CBSE Class 10 Science lab Manual. It provides the idea on new science projects, list of experiments and activities.

List of Class 10 Science Experiments.

Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:
Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
Dilute NaOH solution
Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
Lemon juice
Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution

1. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction with:
Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
Zinc metal
Solid sodium carbonate

2. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:
3. Combination reaction
4. Decomposition reaction
5. Displacement reaction
6. Double displacement reaction

    i) Action of water on quicklime.
    ii) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals.
    iii) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution.
    iv) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions.

7. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:


8. Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.

9. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.
10. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.
11. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.
12. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.
13. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):

    solubility in water
    effect on litmus
    reaction with Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate

14. Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.
15. Determination of the focal length of:

    Concave mirror
    Convex lens by obtaining the image of a distant object.

16. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result.
17. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides.
18. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.
19. Finding the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed.
20. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean).

Social Science is the scientific study of human society and social relationships. CBSE Class 10 syllabus of Social Science covers all the important topics and sub-topics related to the subject. The syllabus is framed as per the guidelines of the CBSE board. It provides detailed information about the course structure, distribution of marks, time duration, projects, assignments and textbooks to refer. While preparing for their final board exam the students should refer to Class 10 social science to score good marks in their exam.

1 India and the Contemporary World – II 60 20 3 Hour
2 Contemporary India – I 55 20
3 Democratic Politics – I 50 20
4 Understanding Economic Development 50 20
Total 215 80

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Project Work

In the CBSE Syllabus PDF of Social Science students will find the complete detail on project work. These project work are added into the curriculum so that students get to know the problems related to social issue in the society.

1. Every student has to compulsorily undertake any one project on the following topics:

    Consumer Awareness


    Social Issues


    Sustainable Development

2. Objective:The overall objective of the project work is to help students gain an insight and pragmatic understanding of the theme and see all the Social Science disciplines from interdisciplinary perspective. It should also help in enhancing the Life Skills of the students.

Students are expected to apply the Social Science concepts that they have learnt over the years in order to prepare the project report.

If required, students may go out for collecting data and use different primary and secondary resources to prepare the project. If possible, various forms of art may be integrated in the project work.

The distribution of marks over different aspects relating to Project Work is as follows:

A Content accuracy, originality and analysis 2
B Presentation and creativity 2
C Viva Voce 1

3. The project carried out by the students should subsequently be shared among themselves through interactive sessions such as exhibitions, panel discussions, etc.
4. All documents pertaining to assessment under this activity should be meticulously maintained by the schools.
5. A Summary Report should be prepared highlighting:
6. Objectives realized through individual work and group interactions;
7. Calendar of activities;
8. Innovative ideas generated in the process ;
9. list of questions asked in viva voce.
10. It is to be noted here by all the teachers and students that the projects and models prepared Should be made from eco-friendly products without incurring too much expenditure.
11. The Project Report should be handwritten by the students themselves.
12. The record of the project work (internal assessment) should be kept for a period of three months for verification, if any.

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